Bladder Control

Loss of bladder control after surgery is a common condition that affects many people. It is also known as postoperative urinary incontinence (POUI) and can occur after any surgical procedure. POUI is a distressing and embarrassing condition that can significantly affect the quality of life of those who experience it. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatments for loss of bladder control after surgery.

Causes of POUI

There are several reasons why someone may experience POUI after surgery. One of the most common causes is damage to the nerves that control the bladder. This can happen during the surgery itself or as a result of the anesthesia used during the procedure. Other factors that can contribute to POUI include:

  • Weakness in the pelvic floor muscles
  • Trauma to the bladder or urethra during surgery
  • Inflammation or infection of the urinary tract
  • Use of certain medications, such as diuretics or sedatives
  • Constipation or bowel impaction

Symptoms of POUI

The symptoms of POUI can vary from person to person. Some people may experience only a small amount of leakage, while others may have a complete loss of bladder control. Common symptoms include:

  • Urinary leakage during physical activity, such as coughing, sneezing, or exercise
  • Sudden and strong urges to urinate
  • Not being able to control urine for extended periods.
  • Waking up at night to urinate
  • Urinary frequency and urgency

Treatments for POUI

The treatment for POUI depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, POUI may resolve on its own as the body heals from surgery. However, several treatments can help manage the symptoms of POUI and improve bladder control.

Pelvic floor exercises: These exercises require you to tighten and then release the muscles located in your pelvic area. They can help strengthen the muscles that support the bladder and improve bladder control.

Medications: Certain medications, such as anticholinergics and alpha-adrenergic agonists, can help relax the bladder and improve bladder control.

Bladder training: This involves learning techniques to increase the amount of time between trips to the bathroom and gradually training the bladder to hold more urine.

Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying cause of POUI, such as repairing a damaged bladder or urethra.

Preventing POUI

While POUI can be a common complication of surgery, some steps can be taken to reduce the risk of developing this condition. These include:

  • Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles before surgery through exercises like Kegels
  • Managing any underlying conditions, such as urinary tract infections or constipation
  • Drinking plenty of fluids to keep the bladder healthy
  • Avoiding caffeine, alcohol, and other bladder irritants
  • Speaking with your healthcare provider about any concerns you have about POUI before surgery


Loss of bladder control after surgery is a common condition that can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. Understanding the causes and symptoms of POUI can help people seek the appropriate treatment and take steps to prevent this condition from developing. If you are experiencing symptoms of POUI, speak with your healthcare provider or Hospital to determine the underlying cause and the most appropriate treatment for you. This treatment facility is available at Gastrohub Hospital in Pune.